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Broadloom Carpets

 

  • The term broadloom is defined as carpet that is woven on a wide loom, and generally refers to tufted carpet that is installed wall-to-wall. It is sold on rolls that are standard width — usually 12′ & 13′ wide
  • Historically, carpets were hand woven on looms, and so the term broad loom literally meant a loom that was wider than the average loom size, and used to make a large carpet.

What Is a Loom?

 

  • A loom is a device that is used to weave fabric. For hand weaving, it holds in place the fibers running in one direction, so that the fibers going in the opposite direction may be interwoven.

A carpet’s basic qualities depend on its construction—whether the pile is cut, looped, or both cut and looped

  • Cut-pile carpets have loops trimmed off so that yarn ends poke upward, creating a luxurious look and feel-clearly one of the reasons they represent 60% of carpets sold. Within the cut-pile family are the highly popular “saxonies.” Saxony plush has densely packed, short, level tufts.
  •  Textured plushes have slightly taller pile and are less dense. “Freize” (free-zay) carpet is a somewhat rare, rugged, nubby style with a dense, low pile and tightly twisted yarns. Another type of cut-pile carpet is the velvet, with short, very tight pile. A velvet carpet is smooth, level, and uniform with a formal look. When you walk on it, footprints tend to show (the more extruded a surface, the less it shows footprints).
  • A cut-pile carpet’s “hand”—the look, texture, and feel—is a result of the fibers chosen for the yarn and the yarn’s gauge (“denier”) and twist. These elements are critical to performance. The more tightly twisted the yarn, the better the performance, as a rule, because the yarn retains its shape over time. Most cut-pile yarns are heat-set to hold their shape (the same way a hair permanent heat-sets a hairstyle).
  • Loop carpet, the result of tufting, has complete yarn loops that stand upright. Loops tend to wear better than cut-pile carpets because the yarn tips are not exposed. With these, yarn wears on the sides, not the ends, and the twist is automatically maintained.
  • For a particularly smooth surface, often preferred in commercial installations, you can get a “low-level loop.” For striking patterns or a sculptured look, you can buy a “multi-level loop.” Sculptured carpets have both high and low loops.
  • High-level loops, such as Berbers, have a nubby texture. In fact, most loop piles are now called Berbers, a term that originated with the rugs made by the Berber tribes of Africa.

Cut-loop pile and tip-sheared carpets combine loops with cut pile. The cut-loop pile has cut ends that are taller than the loops, creating a variety of looks. Conventional types, sometimes called “sculptured” carpets, offer bold patterns and colors. More subtle versions, called “traceries” or “carved Saxonies” merely suggest a pattern.

Carpet can be made from many single or blended natural and synthetic fibres. Fibres are chosen for durability, appearance, ease of manufacture, and cost. In terms of scale of production, the dominant yarn constructions are polyamides (nylons) and polypropylene with an estimated 90% of the commercial market

Since the 20th century, nylon is one of the most common materials for the construction of carpets. Both nylon 6 and nylon 6-6 are used. Nylon can be dyed topically or dyed in a molten state (solution dying). Nylon can be printed easily and has excellent wear characteristics. Due to nylon’s excellent wear-resistance, it is widely used in industrial and commercial carpeting. In carpets, nylon tends to stain easily because of the dye sites which exist on the fibre. These dye sites need to be filled in order to give nylon carpet any type of stain resistance. As nylon is petroleum-based it varies in price with the price of oil.

Polypropylene is used to produce carpet yarns because it is inexpensive. It is difficult to dye and does not wear as well as wool or nylon. Polypropylene is commonly used to construct berber carpets. In this case, polypropylene is commonly referred to as olefin. Large looped olefin berber carpets are usually only suited for light domestic use and tend to mat down quickly. Berber carpets with smaller loops tend to be more resilient and retain their new appearance longer than large looped berber styles. Commercial grade level-loop carpets have very small loops, and commercial grade cut-pile styles are well constructed. When made with polypropylene, commercial grade styles wear very well, making them very suitable for areas with heavy foot traffic such as offices. Polypropylene carpets are known to have good stain resistance, but not against oil- based agents. If a stain does set, it can be difficult to clean. Commercial grade carpets can be glued directly to the floor or installed over a 1/4″ thick, 8-pound density padding. Outdoor grass carpets are usually made from polypropylene.

Wool has excellent durability, can be dyed easily and is fairly abundant. When blended with synthetic fibres such as nylon the durability of wool is increased. Blended wool yarns are extensively used in production of modern carpet, with the most common blend being 80% wool to 20% synthetic fibre, giving rise to the term “80/20”. Wool is relatively expensive and consequently it only comprises a small portion of the market.

Carpet tiles are renowned for their aesthetic styling and outstanding performance in the most demanding heavy traffic environments

Carpet tiles serve several functions in the flooring industry. They are user-friendly – most people can handle them with little difficulty. The backing system is created to take more abuse than normal. Due to the convenient size of the tile, it can be used efficiently in areas that need renovation. They are useful in covering “in-floor” trenches used to house cables and wiring, and in temporary settings, where they need to go down easily for a time and then be removed and used again. Water resistance in carpet tile is very high. Because of the solid vinyl back, water can (and will) channel around the tile, never penetrating into the backing; rather, water remains on just the surface where it can be easily extracted. Carpet tiles can be totally flooded with water, taken up, rinsed off, dried, and reinstalled with a good degree of satisfaction.

Small, medium, and large businesses all can use this product. Carpet tiles offer beautiful borders and insets with no hassle. You can be very creative with color and patterns, borders, and even logos. In any place prone to soiling and staining, you can just remove a tile and replace it when necessary

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